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Trance

Trance is a genre of electronic dance music that first appeared in the 1990s in Germany. It is characterized by a tempo of between 125 to mid 160 beats per minute, repeating melodic phrases, and a musical form that builds up and down throughout a track.

Birth: 1992 Bloom: 2006

A trance refers to a state of hypnotism and lessened consciousness. This drifting sensation is portrayed in this genre by mixing many layers and rhythms to create build and release. For example, a characteristic of virtually all trance songs is the soft mid-song breakdown, beginning with and occurring after the orchestration is broken down and the rhythm tracks (typically provided by a Roland TR-909 drum machine) fade out rapidly, leaving the melody, atmospherics, or both to stand alone for anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes. Although this genre can be devoid of vocals, with mixes done by semi-amateurs posted online at informal locations, mixers who have gained recognition of major labels put out mixes for the radio market with mostly but not limited to female vocals, notably photogenic. Vocal talents range from mezzo-soprano to soprano sometimes without verse/chorus structure. These are categorized as vocal trance. Vocals have been described as «grand, soaring, and operatic» and «ethereal female leads floating amongst the synths».

In 1990 Italian producers Bruno Sanchioni and Giuseppe Chierchia got together under the name Age of love and recorded one single that became not just a hit, but a great revolution in dance music of that time. Bruno started to work on the B.B.E. project with a pioneer of trance music Emmanuel Top («Acid Phace»). Giuseppe (Pino D’Angiò) just disappeared.

Belgian R&S Records released «Energy Flash» by Joey Beltram. Sven Väth with his friends opened the Harthouse studio that was popular with Väth`s trance singles (L`Esperanza) and the Hardfloor project, especially «Hardtrance Acperience». In 1992 a young electronic due Jam & Spoon released a new version of «The Age of love», which later became a global hit.

Despite a long period of development, the style has disappeared from the global musical scene in the end of 90s; trance was replaced by jungle and trip-hop. Classic German sound influenced the style, that`s why the term «progressive trance» emerged – it`s used for description of soft forms of house and euro dance. Trance was played in most British clubs in 1998 by famous DJs like Paul Oakenfold, Pete Tong, Tony De Vit, Danny Rampling, Sasha, and Judge Jules.

Nowadays, trance is the biggest phenomenon in musical mainstream with a powerful business industry around. Artists such as Armin van Buuren, Tiesto, Markus Schulz, Paul van Dyk, and ATB perform at crowded stadiums, throwing shows with light and pyrotechnic effects. Their music is broadcasted on radio and TV, when experienced fans admit that the style becomes more and more commercial.

Deriative styles: Acid Trance, Dark Psy Trance, Euro Trance, Full-On, Goa Trance, Hard Trance, Melodic Trance, Minimal psytrance, Neotrance, Progressive Trance, Psy Trance, Tech Trance, Uplifting Trance, Vocal Trance

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